Expansive soils create foundation damage. Expansive soils, including, clay soil, shrink-swell, and heavable soil, are all different names for the same thing.
Expansive soils are responsible for more damage to buildings than any other natural hazard.
This type of soil contains minerals like smectite clays, which absorb a lot of moisture. As the expansive soil soaks up water it expands – up to 15 times its dry volume. Furthermore, the expanded soil then pushes against your foundation and creates cracks or waterproofing problems.
In fact, as the expansive soil dries, it shrinks. The soil shrinkage gives your foundation room to move around. Consequently, this extra room removes the support from your foundation and will cause cracks, settling, and other foundation damage.
Expansive Soil FAQ
If you’re not sure how expansive soil affects your foundation, read answers to what others have asked.
Expansive soils have clay minerals that expand when wet. Sulfate salts also expand with temperature changes. When the soil has a large amount of an expansive mineral or salt, it has the potential for dramatic expansion.
Therefore, these types of minerals and salts absorb more moisture than other types of minerals, making them responsible for the dramatic expansion and shrinkage you see in clay soils.
Expansive soils soak up any available water, making it easy to take a look at the water sources around your home to determine if they are playing a part in your foundation problems. Here are some helpful tips to ensure your home is prepared.
- Check your home’s drainage: Is the discharge line pointing away from your home? Make sure that the gutter’s line is running at least seven feet away from your foundation.
- Look at your yard’s grading. The soil next to your foundation should gently slope away from your home. Additionally, this will help drain water away from your foundation and minimize potential foundation damage.
- Do you run sprinklers next to your foundation? Any sprinkler system should be at least five feet away from your home’s foundation. When you water plants that are near your home’s foundation, don’t excessively water; that may create a problem.
These easy steps can help protect your foundation, but it’s important to keep an eye out for foundation problems. In summary, if you have any other foundation problem signs, seek the opinion of a professional engineer.
The Experts at JES can Help!
If you’re not sure of the source of your foundation problem, give us a call at 757-301-4820, and schedule a free inspection. We’ll find out the cause of the problem and help you find the perfect solution.
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