Foundation problems are caused by house settlement. Your home settles when the ground your home is built on can no longer support the weight of your house. Foundation settlement is caused by:

When the soil your home is built on can no longer support the weight of your home, the structure will start to settle. An expert may recommend installing a deep foundation system to stabilize your home.

Deep foundation soils and deep foundation systems are best understood by starting with the ground. Soil is made up of obvious layers which have different qualities and are a good indicator of how deep you need to extend your foundation. 

The top layers of soil compress and easily compact – this is where settlement occurs and where you’ll find problem soils like expansive clay. The deeper soil layers, like parent rock, are stable and less likely to move. This is why a deep foundation pier system is installed into competent load bearing soils or bedrock.

Organic Matter

The top layer of soil consists of decomposed organic matter. This isn’t to be confused with the layer of leaves and decomposing materials on top of the ground. Over time these things will break down and become the layer of organic matter.

Surface Soil

This is also called topsoil or humus. It consists of dark, decomposed organic materials (i.e. leaves, grass, branches, etc…) The surface soil is were you’ll find earthworms, potworms and forms of fungus and bacteria that are dependent upon plant roots.

Subsoil

This is the layer of soil where you’ll commonly find clay, expansive or consolidating soils. When your home experiences settlement problems, it’s typically due to this layer of soil. Settlement could be caused by the problem soils mentioned above or poor site preparation and construction.

Parent Rock

This section of soil is also known as bedrock. It can contain large rocks and other larger, solid materials. It’s much deeper than the other layers and isn’t typically affected by weather or moisture changes. Bedrock is much deeper than the other soil levels, beyond the depth that roots can grow, and as a result, doesn’t have the shrinkage and settlement problems that can occur in other soil layers. Most deep foundation solutions are installed to the stable parent rock.

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JES Service Area Map

Service Areas

HAMPTON ROADS & NE NC

1741 Corporate Landing Pkwy
Virginia Beach, VA 23454

NORTHERN VA & DC

8122 Bethlehem Rd
Manassas, VA 20109

MARYLAND

1250 Reames Rd
Middle River, MD 21220

CENTRAL VIRGINIA

2410 Southland Dr
Chester, VA 23831

WESTERN VIRGINIA

456 Old Courthouse Rd
Appomattox, VA 24522

SOUTHWEST VIRGINIA

1401 Southside Dr
Salem, VA 24153

Deep foundations require a type of foundation repair that has support columns, pillars, or piles. These piers are driven deep into the ground or until they reach bedrock. This is done to provide additional stabilization when the surface soil can no longer support the weight of your home.

These types of foundations require solutions which address problems like settlement or stair-step cracked bricks.

stair-step-brick-crack

For example, if your home has cracked bricks caused by settlement, push piers or resistance piles may be installed. The piers are installed beneath your home’s foundation footing and then driven into bedrock or stable soil.

The piers are installed into stable soil or bedrock because it prevents further settlement and movement. Furthermore, the resistance provided by the stable soil can even help lift your home back to its original level.

jes helical pier basement repair solutions

Just like any foundation repair solution, it’s important to consult with an expert to find out which type of repair is the best solution for your home. JES has provided many homeowners with deep foundations and multiple solutions since 1993. Before making a home repair decision, it’s always beneficial to seek the advice of an expert.

OUR EXPERTS ARE HERE TO HELP

REQUEST YOUR FREE INSPECTION
REQUEST YOUR FREE INSPECTION
OUR EXPERTS ARE HERE TO HELP
JES Service Area Map

Service Areas

HAMPTON ROADS & NE NC

1741 Corporate Landing Pkwy
Virginia Beach, VA 23454

NORTHERN VA & DC

8122 Bethlehem Rd
Manassas, VA 20109

MARYLAND

1250 Reames Rd
Middle River, MD 21220

CENTRAL VIRGINIA

2410 Southland Dr
Chester, VA 23831

WESTERN VIRGINIA

456 Old Courthouse Rd
Appomattox, VA 24522

SOUTHWEST VIRGINIA

1401 Southside Dr
Salem, VA 24153

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